Fundamentals of Computer | Introduction to Computers

Fundamentals of Computer, Introduction to Computers

In this page Fundamentals of Computer we give the details of syllabus points and related links with simple notes, related diagrams and examples.

Unit No. 1 Introduction to Computers

Introduction to computer, Characteristics of Computers

Block diagram of computer

History of computers

Generations of computer

Applications of computer

Types of computers and features: Mini, micro, mainframe and super

Types of Programming Languages:

Machine Languages

Assembly Languages

High Level Languages.

Unit No. 2: Peripheral Devices and Number Systems

Types of Memory (Primary And Secondary):


Secondary Storage Devices ( FD, CD, HD, Pen drive )

I/O Devices

Number Systems: Binary, Octal, Decimal and Hexadecimal

Conversion from one base to another,

Unit No. 3: Introduction to Software & Operating Environment

Introduction to software

Types of software: System

Application and utilities.

Introduction to operating system

Types of O.S.

Functions of O.S.

Files and Directories

Batch Files Windows Operating Environment

Features of Windows

Control Panel, Taskbar, Desktop, Windows Application, Icons

Windows Accessories: Notepad and Paintbrush

Unit No. 4: Linux

Introduction Linux, Features

Structure of Linux

File system

Linux Commands

Permission and inodes, I/O redirection


VI Editor.